Peyronie’s disease occurs when abnormal scar tissue develops and hardens inside the shaft area of the penis, generally causing a pronounced curvature when the penis becomes erect. The fact that many men feel extreme embarrassment and anxiety about having a curved penis and do not inform their doctors of this affliction makes estimation of the disease’s prevalence difficult. Taking this into consideration, the American Urological Association Foundation states that Peyronie’s disease may affect up to 9 percent of men between the ages of 40 and 70, but can also rarely occur in younger men.
A man with Peyronie’s disease who has a bent penis due to the scar tissue, or plaque, has typically suffered some sort of penile injury. While these injuries do not always cause Peyronie’s disease, occurrences such as an erect penis bending during sexual intercourse, experiencing a kick or otherwise blunt trauma to the penile area, or even an extreme stretching of the penis can potentially cause scar tissue to develop.
Because not all men who experience penile trauma develop Peyronie’s disease, many experts believe there may be an underlying genetic issue that renders certain men more susceptible to the disease than others.
Other Symptoms and Effects
Not all men afflicted by Peyronie’s disease experience penis curvature. In some cases, the scar tissue may develop all the way around a section of the shaft in the shape of a ring. This development may cause the penis to either substantially widen or become more narrow in the scarred area.
Whether the Peyronie’s disease renders a man’s penis curved or abnormally shaped, this affliction can always cause pain. Other common symptoms and effects of Peyronie’s disease include difficulty achieving erection and hindered or prevented ability to engage in sexual intercourse.
Many men with this disease, even those who can still perform sexually, feel profound anxiety regarding their penile deformity. In any cases where these feelings do not subside, men should seek professional therapy or other forms of support.
The American Urological Association Foundation states that approximately 13 percent of men with Peyronie’s disease experience the condition repairing itself with no medical interference. Also, men who do not suffer any pain or diminished sexual function from the disease require no treatment.
However, a new study has shown that the use of a penis extender has had great results with fixing penile curvature from Peyronie’s disease.